Although immigrants and refugees come to Canada for very different reasons, they often face similar injustices.

  • An immigrant is a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country—in our case, Canada.
  • A refugee, on the other hand, is a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.

Regardless of the reason behind coming to Canada, challenges abound: both groups must adapt to new laws, customs, cultures, and often a new language.  Since they are not Canadian citizens, they have no political voice or knowledge to negotiate available services. Employment options tend to be limited and credentials are often not recognized. Additionally, racism and discrimination is very real and present in Canada.

Among immigrants and refugees, there are higher rates of poverty than the local population through a lack of access to jobs and adequate or affordable housing.

At DMC, we encourage congregations to think beyond charity to include justice and advocacy as part of their response to injustices faced by newcomers to Canada. There are many resources available to help Christians find ways to take action.


  • For newcomers in Ontario: is a guide for their first two weeks in Canada.
  • The Refugee subpage at the CRCNA’s Ministry in Canada website has an absolute wealth of information produced and endorsed by the denomination on both refugees and immigrants. The Christian Reformed Centre for Public Dialogue’s Refugee Justice Toolkit is of particular note.
  • World Renew’s Refugee Resettlement Program is an incredible and tangible way for deacons and their congregations to respond to refugees.
  • Citizens for Public Justice has comprehensive resources for a Christian response to refugees and newcomers to Canada.
  • The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) continually hosts up-to-date information and resources on refugee crises all over the world. Click here for some quick facts and figures on refugees.
  • The Canadian Council for Refugees, a national non-profit umbrella organization committed to the rights, protection, and settlement of refugees and other vulnerable migrants in Canada and around the world.
  • Immigration and Citizenship Canada, an important tool for anyone who plans to visit, study, work or immigrate to Canada or apply for citizenship, a permanent resident card or refugee protection.
  • Canadian Immigrant is a website for—you guessed it—Canadian immigrants, by helping them to settle in Canada successfully as they move through their immigrant journey.
  • Micah House is a ministry based in Hamilton, ON, and welcomes newly arrived refugee claimants to Hamilton—However, there are ministries like this one all over Canada, so start looking!

Other Online Resources (blogs, vlogs, documentaries, etc.)

  • The Refugee subsection of the Office of Social Justice’s (a ministry of the CRC) Do Justice Blog.
  • The blog at Refugees International, an independent advocacy organization that challenges governments, policy-makers, and administrations to improve the lives of displaced people worldwide.
  • The blog at Women’s Refugee Commission, which focuses on women and young girl refugees.

Books (with links)